Google Sues Scammers for Spreading Malware with Fake Bard AI Chatbot

Google recently filed a lawsuit against unnamed defendants for illegally leveraging its new Bard conversational AI to distribute malware to unsuspecting victims. The scammers created fake chatbot apps imitating Bard’s capabilities that infected users’ devices upon download.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover the alleged scam tactics, Google’s response, best practices around chatbot safety, and the increased risks introduced by increasingly sophisticated AI systems.

Overview of the Malware Scam Campaign

According to the lawsuit, the operators created and distributed fake Bard chatbot apps for Android and iOS designed to entice victims into downloading malware. Specifically:

  • The apps used Bard’s branding, logo, and marketing images illegally.
  • The fake “Bard Search” and “Bard Chat” apps promised exclusive early access to features.
  • Users were prompted to install suspicious additional software and permission requests.
  • Malware enabled stealing personal data, texts, and credentials stored on devices.
  • Compromised accounts spread more malware links akin to a virus.

The scam effectively exploited public anticipation over Bard’s capabilities, with the fakes’ quality suggesting advanced techniques.

Google’s Legal Actions in Response

Upon discovering the campaign, Google took swift legal action:

  • Filed the lawsuit in a California federal court in early February 2023.
  • Sought a court injunction prohibiting further distribution of the fake chatbot apps.
  • Demanded statutory damages for infringing Bard’s trademarks.
  • Attempted to identify and notify affected users to contain infection.
  • Issued public warnings about avoiding suspicious chatbot apps.
  • Committed to enhancing chatbot authentication safeguards.

For Google, the lawsuit aims to discourage similar scam efforts as AI chatbots gain adoption.

Best Practices for Safe Chatbot Use

To avoid malware risks when using chatbots, experts recommend:

  • Only download chatbots from official stores like Google Play and Apple App Store.
  • Carefully check chatbot permissions and reject unnecessary access requests.
  • Verify chatbot publishers through reputable sources before installing.
  • Run local and cloud antivirus scans to detect potential infections.
  • Avoid entering sensitive information into third-party chatbot apps.
  • Monitor devices for abnormal network traffic, resource usage, and popups.
  • Report suspected fake chatbots posing as Bard or other services to their developers.
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As chatbots become more mainstream, maintaining vigilant security hygiene will be imperative.

Increased Malware Risks with Highly Capable AI Systems

The Bard malware scam highlights emerging threats introduced by advanced AI:

  • Sophisticated Social Engineering – AI can dynamically craft highly persuasive and personalized manipulation tactics.
  • Scalable Content Creation – Generative AI exponentially multiplies malicious content creation.
  • Difficult Bot Detection – AI can mask bot identities through realistic conversational abilities.
  • Ongoing Automated Adaptation – Systems can continually tune attacks to maximize success.
  • Exacerbated Misinformation – AI dramatically boosts fabricated content distribution velocity and reach.
  • Expanded Attack Surface – Knowledge and capabilities automatically increase risks exponentially.

With AI-powered threats outpacing defenses, ensuring security may prove even more crucial than progress.

Potential Attack Vectors Criminals Could Exploit

Based on the fraud attempt, malicious players could potentially weaponize conversational AI in many ways:

  • Impersonation – Pose as reputable companies or contacts to steal credentials and data.
  • Social Engineering – Manipulate vulnerable groups into actions against their interests.
  • Misinformation – Generate and propagate false but believable stories en masse.
  • Phishing – Craft precision-targeted messages and sites to harvest information.
  • Cyberbullying – Automate psychological abuse and reputation damage.
  • Predation – Lure underage users into unsafe situations.
  • Radicalization – Promote harmful ideologies through highly tailored propaganda.

Without foresight, AI’s talents for exploiting human weaknesses could enable mass wrongdoing.

Potential Mitigations Against AI Threats

To counter risks, researchers propose technical and policy measures including:

  • Open-sourcing conversational models for broader security review
  • Expanding datasets to minimize biased and toxic language patterns
  • Appointing oversight bodies to govern highest-risk applications
  • Enhanced attributions and disclosures to signal automated accounts
  • Multi-factor authentication requirements for chatbot logins
  • Restricting AI impersonation of real people and organizations
  • Regulations prohibiting large-scale processing of illegally obtained data
  • Transparent documentation of training data and methodologies
  • Independent audits evaluating model hazards before deployment
  • Tools enabling users to rapidly flag generated misinformation
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A combination of technology safeguards, user awareness, and oversight can help uphold ethical norms as capabilities evolve.

Google’s Efforts to Enhance Chatbot Security

Beyond its lawsuit, Google aims to boost security across its conversational AI products:

  • Reviewing policies on acceptable use of Google brands and assets in third party apps
  • Expanding malware and fraud detection capabilities within Google Play Store
  • Developing enhanced identity verification and authentication for Bard API access
  • Using generative models themselves to identify chatbot impersonation attempts
  • Adding more granular controls around chatbot data access and permissions
  • Open sourcing conversational datasets to expand security research
  • Launching initiatives to educate consumers on chatbot risks

For Google, combating AI threats requires both in-house engineering and public outreach around responsible development.

Outlook on Securing Conversational AI

As conversational interfaces become pervasive, stakeholders throughout technology have critical roles to play:

  • Governments – Provide balanced regulatory oversight addressing worst abuses without stifling innovation.
  • Developers – Make security and ethics priority #1, not an afterthought. Consider preventative restrictions on most hazardous use cases.
  • Companies – Invest in robust security review beyond profit incentives alone. Champion transparency as scale increases.
  • Users – Remain cautious and vigilant against manipulation. Provide feedback to better train systems.

With collaborative action, the promise of AI conversational interfaces can outweigh emerging perils.


The alleged malware chatbot scam provides a sobering case study on inherent risks accompanying AI progress. As systems gain expressive creative powers akin to humans, preventing misuse becomes imperative.

Google’s strong legal response represents an important symbolic stance by conversational AI leaders. Still, the dynamics between advancing capabilities and bad actors trying to exploit them will likely trigger more growing pains ahead.

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But by pairing vision with wisdom, a middle path exists where AI conversational abilities uplift society broadly while keeping dangers at bay. If developers, companies, governments, and users make responsible stewardship a shared priority over recklessness or complacency, perhaps the true perils of progress can be avoided.


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